Poor air quality, creaking public services, noise pollution, congested traffic and lack of green spaces are some of the most commonly cited downsides of urbanisation. Despite such negative aspects, why are governments across the world, particularly in Asia, so keen to accelerate it?
The arguments are many but, for the purposes of this backgrounder, we break them down as follows:
Convenience: Access to education, health, social services and cultural activities is more readily available to people in cities than in villages. Life in cities is much mored comfortable, compared to life in villages. Cities have more advanced communication and transport networks.
Better Social integration: People of many castes ,groupsand religions live and work together in cities, which creates better understanding and harmony and helps breakdown social and cultural barriers.